Two different views on Test Automation

I have published several posts with the aim to deliver one message - sometimes it is more efficient (fast and convenient) to change the application under test (make it more testable or eliminate the need for testing at all) then invent or employ complicated test automation techniques to check the same functionality. Even though there were a lot of misunderstanding caused by badly forming those posts, I still think I stroke something deeper.

For instance, this twitter post made me think that we speak two different languages:

That's like asking a pharma company to self-certify that their drugs are safe without any independent approval! #softwaretesting#CIO — Ayush Trivedi (@ayushtrivedi) 4 September 2017
Now it started to seem to me that there there two different views on what test automation is. First, probably prevailing point of view, is that test automation is a part of ages-old traditional QA process, where test automation specialists is just a test specialist using tools to test

The broken concept of a Page object, or Why Developers Should Be Responsible For Test Automation

Preface: I am in the middle of writing a series of posts about test automation frameworks architecture. I am still going to continue that series, even though this posts kind of devaluate the whole test automation framework concept a bit. Sorry for that, just can't stop ranting.

Looking though the internet I spotted a couple of posts where some test automation specialists were talking about "page object" "pattern"/"model", as it was something special they had invented.
Well, I also have something to say about "page object".

"Page object" may be described as pattern that allows us to decouple thing you can do with web page (external interface describing test/business logic) from the real implementation code you will have to use to actually get things done with this bloody web page. If one heard about GoF patterns, she may think about &…

Test automation framework architecture. Part 2 - Layered architecture

Probably the most popular architecture pattern used for test automation frameworks (TAF) is layered architecture. This pattern is so well known that on job interviews for some companies when they ask you about TAF architecture you are supposed to describe this one. If you don't - they think you know nothing about the architecture altogether.

I suggest first reading brilliant description of the pattern at the oreilly web page, cause in this post I am going to describe the pattern in a way it is usually applied to build test automation solution.

Usually, there're three distinct layers, which may have different names, but follow the same logic mostly. Sometimes those layers called test layer, business-layer and core layer, but there're no standard names really. Key rules for layered architecture are the dependency direction (each level depend on the level below) and call direction (no level can call/reference code described in the level above).

The rough structure of such…

Test automation framework architecture. Part 1 - No architecture

Most of the "UI test automation" tutorials I have seen describe the Test Automation Solution where Selenium Web Driver is used directly from test methods and no additional abstraction layer exists. This "architectural pattern" is so ubiquities, that I decided to describe this as well.

I think, we can call this "architectural pattern" as No architecture. The structure of test automation solution created with No architecturepattern presented (in a very rough way) on the picture below:

Such test automation solution usually consists of some amount of test classes, each containing some number of test methods. All orchestration of interaction with System Under Test (SUT) is done either (using JUnit terms) in setUp and tearDown methods, or test methods themelves. Tool, whatever it is - Selenium, RestAssured, Selenide - called directly in test methods.

Such approach is industy well known anti-pattern. However, in some cases, it may be ok to use. There're some…

Test automation framework architecture. Preface.

Sometime ago I wrote this post describing my understanding (at that time) of the architectures used to create test automation solution (framework). While there's some information I still agree with, my understanding has evolved and I want to share this understanding with others.

First, lets probably coin the terminology I use (which is not necessarily would be the right one - feel free to suggest something different)

Test automation framework
It is a framework that allows one to write automated tests. Usually one means the specialized framework, i.e. framework that is specialized for one or several related applications under test. Framework does not include tests themselves

Test automation solution
It isis a complete solution used for test automation. It includes everything needed to perform automated test, including tests themselves. Solution may be based on a framework, however it is not mandatory.

May be described as an imaginary model that dictates how code is of the…

Agile team - rockband metaphor

I've been thinking about proper metaphor about traditional (aka waterfall) and
adaptive (aka agile) process and came to this - lets think about rock band.

Waterfall You can create neat studio album using random people. First you will record drums, then bass. After that you can try different guitars...

If guitar sounds badly you will try to fix it or use something else. Then you will do mastering and mixing, adding effects and creating a nice cover. In a couple of month you will have album with clean sound and neat content, great cover.

The key is that here you should pay more attention to the process. You need to have a good plan (lyrics and music). This going to be lengthy but you will be fine even if bus guitarist decides to leave in the middle of the process - just arrange a replacement. In music it works fine, but in business time plays against you and plan may not be relevant.

Agile You with your band are on a stage. You did have a time for soundcheck but was drinking bee…

Industry Carelessness

Looking through the LinkedIn feed I see a horrible thing. I think we can call it "Industry Carelessness". I see lots of posts of the kind:
Automating testing using XXXXiumDigital transformation using microservices architecture (please download our brochure)We will transform you business, here's how And so on. This is very disturbing. It is like "we don't know what the problem you have (if any) but we have a solution already!" Moreover, I worked for a company which whole business model was like that, which was delivering what it had in place instead of what was necessary.

I interviewed employees who did not know where we were but already knew where we should go and how do we go there.

"Ok, we shall do this and that".
"Hold on a second, don't you want to know what we already do and what results we get?
"Not necessary, industry goes into that direction so let's do thing 'right'"

And even worse, I was once the one who did…